This post is based on the same book from the prior post but with a focus on Globalisation. Therefore is would be helpful to the same target audience but I believe would be enjoyable for those who love learning and would like to improve their writing in general (since reading is a method to enhance one’s style and vocabulary). Related syllabus concepts include: entrepreneurship, resource management (with sub issues like brain drain), and sustainable development.
Pg 42 – 45
Vineeta Sinha cited the 2010 Census. Indians numbered roughly 348,000 (348k); 237k citizens (7.35% of citizen total), 110k permanent residents (20.45% of permanent resident total) – in sum, 9.2% of the total staying population.
To reverse the Indian populace ‘brain drain’ originating from the late 1980s (which arguably affected the ethnic ratio balance), it became government policy after 1990 to ‘attract the very bright, highly skilled and talented Indians from abroad…’ and over time encourage their permanent residency. (Law and Home Affairs Minister, S Jayakumar, 20 April 1990). Selected categories included: IT, Finance, Banking, and Investment.
From the 1990s, Indian manual labour also rose, though this was perceived as less displeasing. (Consider the complaints against workers drinking in public; and the competition in transportation, housing, and schools stemming likewise from affluent migrants etc.) Of the 1.321 million foreign employees (all ethnic groups), around 160k were S-Pass holders (semi-skilled labour). [2013 figures from the Ministry of Manpower, MOM]
Pg 91 – 94
Indian migrants are perpetually seen as with ‘foreign worker’ or ‘foreign talent’. Further, the latter section has aggravated the disparities within the local Indian community. Somewhat overlapping with the latter would be the ‘entrepreneurs with high earning capacity’ (p. 52). The author closes optimistically with suggesting ‘politics of inclusion’ where similar ‘identities, practices, experiences’ become our focus instead of distinctions.
- List of foreign worker dormitories (MOM, accessed 7 Apr 2017) shows a total of 47 such living areas
- In June 2016, as reported by Ronald Loh (The New Paper), dormitory operator KT Mesdorm was fined $300,000 (maximum quantum) for putting up foreign workers in overcrowded quarters at its Blue Stars Dormitory in Boon Lay. It was first provider to receive this penalty. Mr Jolovan Wham, a social worker at Humanitarian Organisation for Migration Economics (HOME) refers to the issue as “out of sight, out of mind” – effectively concealed and less emphasised
- In the 1990s, the pillars of the Singaporean economy were manufacturing and services (p. 49)