Law & Health – Mobile/Hand/Cell phones

5 years on in two different cases, the first in the Supreme Court and the latter in a regional one (north Italian town Ivrea), mobile phone usage was deemed to have ‘causal link(s)‘ with brain tumours. [In effect, the Supreme Court judgment became the legal precedent.]


Cancer cells: Italian court rules ‘mobile phones can cause brain tumors’. (20 Oct 2012). RT News. (TV-Novosti)

Italian court rules mobile phone caused tumour. (21 Apr 2017). Special Broadcasting Service (SBS). Australia.

CBC Radio (Canada) through its show ‘The Current’ ran an episode entitled: Cellphone in your pocket? CBC’s Marketplace investigates why you might reconsider. (24 Mar 2017).

[Reproduced from]


O/A Level Resource – Indians/Globalisation

This post is based on the same book from the prior post but with a focus on Globalisation. Therefore is would be helpful to the same target audience but I believe would be enjoyable for those who love learning and would like to improve their writing in general (since reading is a method to enhance one’s style and vocabulary). Related syllabus concepts include: entrepreneurship, resource management (with sub issues like brain drain), and sustainable development.

Pg 42 – 45

Vineeta Sinha cited the 2010 Census. Indians numbered roughly 348,000 (348k); 237k citizens (7.35% of citizen total), 110k permanent residents (20.45% of permanent resident total) – in sum, 9.2% of the total staying population.

To reverse the Indian populace ‘brain drain’ originating from the late 1980s (which arguably affected the ethnic ratio balance), it became government policy after 1990 to ‘attract the very bright, highly skilled and talented Indians from abroad…’ and over time encourage their permanent residency. (Law and Home Affairs Minister, S Jayakumar, 20 April 1990). Selected categories included: IT, Finance, Banking, and Investment.

From the 1990s, Indian manual labour also rose, though this was perceived as less displeasing. (Consider the complaints against workers drinking in public; and the competition in transportation, housing, and schools stemming likewise from affluent migrants etc.) Of the 1.321 million foreign employees (all ethnic groups), around 160k were S-Pass holders (semi-skilled labour). [2013 figures from the Ministry of Manpower, MOM]

Pg 91 – 94

Indian migrants are perpetually seen as with ‘foreign worker’ or ‘foreign talent’. Further,  the latter section has aggravated the disparities within the local Indian community. Somewhat overlapping with the latter would be the ‘entrepreneurs with high earning capacity’ (p. 52). The author closes optimistically with suggesting ‘politics of inclusion’ where similar ‘identities, practices, experiences’ become our focus instead of distinctions.

Related references:

  • List of foreign worker dormitories (MOM, accessed 7 Apr 2017) shows a total of 47 such living areas
  • In June 2016, as reported by Ronald Loh (The New Paper), dormitory operator KT Mesdorm was fined $300,000 (maximum quantum) for putting up foreign workers in overcrowded quarters at its Blue Stars Dormitory in Boon Lay. It was first provider to receive this penalty. Mr Jolovan Wham, a social worker at Humanitarian Organisation for Migration Economics (HOME) refers to the issue as “out of sight, out of mind” – effectively concealed and less emphasised
  • In the 1990s, the pillars of the Singaporean economy were manufacturing and services (p. 49)

O/A Level Resource – Indians/Society

This information, in my opinion and analysis, would be useful in the Singapore context for Social Studies (SS, Syllabus 2204, the outgoing syllabus) and General Paper (Syllabus 8807 – more immediately Application Question or Essay/Paper 1). Generally, it may be helpful for students taking English since Text 3 (Paper 2) of the 1128 syllabus is ‘a non-narrative text’.

The content comes from the book ‘Indians’ (published 2015) by Vineeta Sinha (locally based sociologist). It would be useful for the topic of Social Cohesion and Harmony – with related concepts (SS syllabus document) being: discrimination, compromise and mutual accommodation, common space, minority rights, and integration. The pages are:

  • 47 to 48
  • 54 to 55
  • 62 to 63 (useful for SS, 2267 Syllabus – Blue coloured textbook)
  • 88 to 90

The author, became a Singapore citizen in 2002. Her rather interesting and heartwarming life story (dated 15 Jan 2016) can be found on tabla! – hosted online by Asiaone news.