Scary movies: –ve effects

Bernie DeGroat. (29 Mar 1999). Scary movies can have lasting effects on children and teens, study says. The University Record. University of Michigan.

  • More than 150 college students were surveyed
    • 90% media fright reaction stemmed from childhood/teenage years.
    • 26% reported ‘residual anxiety’.
  • Blood and gore in horror movies tended to cause the most phobic reactions. One person surveyed had nightmares for two months due to blood scenes. Sound effects came second in terms of the fear factor.
  • The research listed at least 20 negative effects.
  • The researchers felt parents were obligated to protect their children from such harmful media. (By extension, guardians would have to do the same for their wards/dependents).

Lifestyle, not medicine, for well-being

Examine the assertion that lifestyle, instead of medicine, is decisive in achieving well-being. (paraphrased – 2010 GCE A Level General Paper 1)

=> Take note, the below should be not taken as a substitute for consulting trained and qualified medical professionals such as doctors. 

=> Related GCE O Level and NA Level essay questions would be proposed at the end of this post

Sample body paragraph [each paragraph must discuss both lifestyle and medicine]

It is posited that medicine is vital for restoring mental health. When symptoms get out of hand, medications become a solution. Sarah Slade, trauma specialist and owner of Willow Tree Counseling in Clarksville (United States) voiced that medicine can act as a temporary tool to get patients back on track to recovery. However for some, this becomes a diversion toward long term decline. Medications after all can backfire. An American CBS News article cited a study from the journal <Frontiers of Psychology> that  anti-depressant users were almost twice as likely to have future bouts of depression than non users. In addition, there is the risk of antidepressant addiction. American and Danish researchers in recent years have raised alarms over this. Lifestyle strategies would have little of these drawbacks. Approaches such as hobbies and exercise have helped people cope with bipolar disorder (the afflicted experience periods of intense low mood but also periods of elation and increased energy which can lead to impaired judgement and risky behaviour). Studies quoted from the US National Library of Medicine suggest that exercise relieves depression. Similarly, patients with bipolar disorder are advised to avoid shift work to ensure proper and adequate sleep; and to follow regular routines instead. Based on the above, it appears that lifestyle remedies are, in general, both safer and more effective in comparison to medications for the attainment of good mental health.

O Level How far is it true that some teenagers live unhealthily? Provide rationale for your views. (paraphrased – 2016 Paper 1)

NA Level – Some people claim that technology is detrimental to the health of youths. What is your perspective on this? (modified – 2016 Paper 1)

Law & Health – Mobile/Hand/Cell phones

5 years on in two different cases, the first in the Supreme Court and the latter in a regional one (north Italian town Ivrea), mobile phone usage was deemed to have ‘causal link(s)‘ with brain tumours. [In effect, the Supreme Court judgment became the legal precedent.]


Cancer cells: Italian court rules ‘mobile phones can cause brain tumors’. (20 Oct 2012). RT News. (TV-Novosti)

Italian court rules mobile phone caused tumour. (21 Apr 2017). Special Broadcasting Service (SBS). Australia.

CBC Radio (Canada) through its show ‘The Current’ ran an episode entitled: Cellphone in your pocket? CBC’s Marketplace investigates why you might reconsider. (24 Mar 2017).

[Reproduced from]